A vassal or feudatory is a person who has entered into a mutual obligation to a lord or monarch in the context of the feudal system in medieval Europe. The obligations often included military support and mutual protection, in exchange for certain privileges, usually including the grant of land held as a fiefdom. The term can be applied to similar arrangements in other feudal societies. In contrast, a fidelity, or fidelitas, was a sworn loyalty, subject to the king.
In fully developed vassalage, the lord and the vassal would take part in a commendation ceremony composed of two parts, the homage and the fealty, including the use of Christian sacraments to show its sacred importance. According to Eginhard's brief description, the commendatio made to Pippin the Younger in 757 by Tassillo, Duke of Bavaria, involved the relics of Saints Denis, Rusticus, Éleuthère, Martin, and Germain – apparently assembled at Compiègne for the event. Such refinements were not included from the outset when it was time of crisis, war, hunger, etc.. Under feudalism, those who were weakest needed the protection of the knights who owned the weapons and knew how to fight.
Feudal society was increasingly based on the concept of "lordship" (French seigneur), which was one of the distinguishing features of the Early Middle Ages and had evolved from times of Late Antiquity.
.hiv is a generic top-level domain (gTLD) proposed by the Berlin-based nonprofit dotHIV and owned by Uniregistry as of September 2014. It is the first open charitable gTLD and its ICANN designation states that the domain's operator is precluded from making a profit. Funds raised from .hiv domain sales will initially benefit projects to increase access to HIV/AIDS treatment in Rwanda, South Africa, Turkey, and the United States.
The top-level domain (TLD) was inspired by the anti-HIV/AIDS campaign by thjnk, a German advertising agency. thjnk's co-owner Michael Trautmann established dotHIV gemeinnütziger e.V. as a nonprofit and applied for the .hiv TLD. Despite the global relevance of HIV/AIDS, dotHIV was the only applicant for the .hiv TLD. The company signed a registration contract with ICANN in March 2014. Domains were made available for select companies and individuals during the July "sunrise" period, becoming generally available in August 2014. hiv became the first open charitable TLD and, according to one press release, "opens up a dedicated namespace that brings website owners together behind one goal: The end of AIDS".
HIV infects vital cells in the human immune system such as helper T cells (specifically CD4+ T cells), macrophages, and dendritic cells. HIV infection leads to low levels of CD4+ T cells through a number of mechanisms, including pyroptosis of abortively infected T cells,apoptosis of uninfected bystander cells, direct viral killing of infected cells, and killing of infected CD4+ T cells by CD8 cytotoxic lymphocytes that recognize infected cells. When CD4+ T cell numbers decline below a critical level, cell-mediated immunity is lost, and the body becomes progressively more susceptible to opportunistic infections.
US PresidentJoe Biden has initiated a new HIV/AIDS strategy aimed at ending the epidemic by 2030, local news reported on Wednesday (local time). According to CNN, Biden unveiled a new national HIV/AIDS strategy with the goal of ending the HIV epidemic by 2030.
General Assembly that tackling COVID-19 has also disrupted supply chains and increased the risk for people with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, of being infected with another deadly virus ... More HIV/AIDS Coverage ... Now, he said, the challenge for scientists, funders and supporters of research “is to apply these lessons to fight against HIV/AIDS.”.
...HIV or Aids and those who have died from Aids ... “Among the good news this year, I am happy to note that those working in the HIV and Aids response in Seychelles – the government entities as well as the non-governmental organisations – have valiantly soldiered on despite Covid-19.
Mexico City, Dec 1 (EFE).- Activist Alain Pinzon has become a symbol of the fight to ensure access to medication and freedom from discrimination of people living with HIV/AIDS in Mexico, where that autoimmune disease claimed 4,573 lives last year ... The activist recalled receiving the devastating news in 2010 that he had tested positive for HIV.
MIAMI (CBSMiami) – On WorldAIDS Day, there is encouraging news for people living with HIV. “I’ve been an HIV survivor for the past 27 years,” Anthony Johnson tells CBS4News, he learned he was HIV positive in 1995... “When I got home all my stuff was already out on the ground outside the landlady said, ‘No AIDS fa**ot is going to live here!”.
MOHMAND, (UrduPoint / PakistanPointNews - 2nd Dec, 2021 ) .To create awareness among people against the HIV/AIDS, a walk under the auspices of Health Department at district headquarters, Ghalanai here on Wednesday ... Speakers at the occasion said that AIDS is a dangerous disease ...
SAN FRANCISCO (KPIX) – After millions of HIV-related deaths, Wednesday marks WorldAIDS Day commemorating the lives lost and the ongoing fight to find a cure ... “Being together with a community sharing hope and stories galvanizes our commitment to continue the fight to have a day without HIV and AIDS,” said Cunningham.
A group of college students in the city on Wednesday danced and exhibited posters to express solidarity with AIDS patients across the world and seeking to end discrimination shown towards them ... 'End inequalities, End AIDS' is the commemorative theme of the day this year ... AIDS ... HIV/AIDS. IndiaNews.
Top NewsRight Now...Besides, in November, more patients recovered than the number of those admitted.Pune News. 1World AIDS Day. Experts call for streamlined approach to HIV care2Pimpri-Chinchwad industries want doorstep Covid-19 vaccination for factory workers3Pune ... For all the latest Pune News, download Indian Express App ... Delhi News Live ... Latest News.